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Edible Oil and Fats Inspection Services in Delhi

Edible Oil and Fats Inspection Services in Delhi

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CIL provides accredited oil & fats inspection services in Delhi India.Dermatitis may be caused by handling of oils, fats andsolvents. Provision and use of adequate washing and sanitary facilities isessential; barrier creams and protective clothing also aid in prevention. Solventsused for the extraction of fats and oils may present toxic risks. Benzeneshould not be used, and the least toxic solvent practicable should besubstituted (e.g., substitution of heptane for hexane). In peanut oilprocessing plants, under suitable conditions of moisture and temperature,press-cakes can be contaminated by moulds of Aspergillus flavus, which containaflatoxins. Workers exposed to heavy aflatoxin contamination in workroom airhave been found to develop acute or subacute liver damage and to present an increasedprevalence of tumours.LEV is required to remove solvent vapours at the point oforigin, or closed systems should be used. Hydrogen presents a high risk ofexplosion and fire in the hydrogenation process. Burning oils and fats may emithighly irritant fumes such as acrolein. The solvents, such as hexane, used forthe extraction of oils are highly flammable, although they are commonly used inclosed systems. Precautions against fire and explosion include,

1.elimination of all sources of ignition

2.use of explosion proof equipment and spark proof tools

3.prohibition of smoking

4. fire exits are not blocked and are well maintained provisionof appropriate fire extinguishers

development of procedures for spills and leaks of hydrogenand flammable solvents

training of staff in firefighting procedures.

Electrical installations present a risk of electrical shockin damp and steamy conditions. All equipment, conductors and so on should besuitably protected with special attention to any portable equipment or lights.Ground fault circuit interrupters should be installed on electrical equipmentin wet or steamy areas. Injuries from moving machinery parts can be preventedby efficient and well maintained machinery guarding. Particular attentionshould be given to crushing machinery, filling and drum seaming machines andnips between belts, drums and pulleys of conveyors. Lockout or tagoutprocedures should be used when maintaining and repairing equipment. Risks ofexplosion and leakage in steam plant should be prevented by regular inspectionand maintenance procedures. Excessive noise from equipment should be minimizedby engineering controls if possible. Employees exposed to excessive noiseshould wear appropriate hearing protectors, and there should be a hearing conservationprogramme.Manual handling of drums may cause musculoskeletal strains andinjuries to hands and toes. Mechanical handling equipment should be used whenpossible. There should be training in correct methods of handling and lifting,foot and hand protection, and checking of containers for sharp edges. Badlystacked drums may fall and cause serious injury; supervision and training instacking and destacking will reduce the risk involved. Falls may occur onslippery floors and staircases, and can be prevented by well maintainednon-slip floor surfaces, regular cleaning and good housekeeping, and wearing ofnon-slip footwear. Burns may be caused by sodium hydroxide during handling ofdrums for refining and from spurts of liquid caustic when drums are opened; byhot oil or spent catalyst during cleaning of filter presses; from acids; andfrom steamlines and steam leaks. Protective clothing, boots, aprons and gloveswill prevent many injuries; face shields are necessary to protect the eyes fromsplashes of corrosive or hot material. Oils are processed at high temperatures,and physical discomfort can result, especially in the tropics, unless effectivemeasures are taken. Muscle cramps, exhaustion and heat strokes may occur.Radiant heat should be reduced by lagging or insulating the vessels and steampipes. Efficient mechanical ventilation should provide frequent changes of air.Workers should have frequent access to liquids and frequent breaks in coolareas.



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